Autism Spectrum Disorder or ASD is a collective name for a gamut of conditions which affects communication, social interaction, behavior and interests of a person.
It is found in kids below 3 years of age. A diagnosis can be made even after 3 years.
So what are the symptoms?
Let’s find out:
In Spoken language
The children with Autism Spectrum Disorder prefer to do the following
- Avoid making use of spoken language
- Avoid any speech that sounds flat or monotonous
- Prefer to speak in phrases already learnt instead of joining individual words to make new sentences
- Prefer talking at people, avoid conversation and being a part of it
- Take everything literally. Do not understand metaphors, sarcasm or figures of speech
- Do not like to do things when asked to. Are often negative in their attitude.
- Unaware of the personal space of others, do not tolerate other people entering their space.
- Little or no interest in other people, this includes children of their age too.
- Have very few close friends, though always strive to have more friendships.
- Do not comprehend social interactions. This includes greeting people or bidding farewell.
- Not being able to adjust the content and tone of the speech to various social situations.
- Do not enjoy normal activities enjoyed by children of their age
- Do not use facial expressions or gestures while communicating
- Mostly avoid eye contact
- Repeat movements like rocking back and forth, flicking fingers and flapping their hands
- Prefer playing with objects and not people
- Have a high interest in a specific activity or subject
- Do not like changes in their normal routine. Love having the same routine.
- Love a certain food/foods on the basis of colour or texture or the taste.
- Abnormal sensory interests, for instance, children with ASD smell toys, people or objects improperly.
Better late than never! Get your child treated if he has the above symptoms of Autism Spectrum Disorder.